As you already know, asphalt is a versatile material with endless paving applications, from driveways, walkways, parking lot paving, and more. It creates fantastic pavement surfaces that are not only beautiful but also durable.
What you probably don’t know is asphalt is not the same. There are different types of asphalt, and each type is designed for specific applications. Here are some of the different types.
- Perpetual pavement
The kind of asphalt used for heavily traveled roads is known as perpetual asphalt.
This is a paving option whose base is made extremely strong to handle the weight of heavy vehicles and constant wear. It is also flexible hence preventing cracking.
The middle layer is made thick, and the top layer has a smooth, rust-resistant surface that can be replaced periodically without interfering with the middle and base layers.
- Porous asphalt – for areas with frequent standing water
If your area receives a lot of storms, porous asphalt is perfect for your parking lot. Porous asphalt is made to allow water to infiltrate the ground naturally.
In addition, the open grade nature of porous asphalt makes it act as a natural filtration system, and it helps remove toxic substances from the water before it reaches the ground.
This is the best asphalt for the job for parking lots. It can also be installed on playgrounds and other areas prone to standing water.
- Quiet asphalt
Another remarkable quality of asphalt is its noise reduction. The quiet asphalt is made of a stone-matrix asphalt, and sometimes graded friction course mix is used.
Both of these asphalt Mixes are proven to reduce road noise.
The quiet asphalt mix is perfect if you need to construct a road passing through a residential setting.
- Hot Mix Asphalt
This is a flexible mix of fine and coarse aggregates with asphalt as the binder. It is used on virtually every asphalt pavement project, especially roads and driveways.
It’s poured at a high temperature of 300 to 350 degrees Fahrenheit hence the name. It needs to be poured quickly while still hot since it cools down easily.
- For an eco-friendly option – warm mix asphalt
This is a new technology in the paving industry. It was engineered to help lower the heating requirements in the mixing and paving with asphalt. For this reason, it is preferred and considered greener compared to hot mix asphalt.
It uses less fuel, emits fewer greenhouse gases, and cools down slowly, allowing for proper application and compaction than hot mix asphalt.
- Cold Mix Asphalt
This is usually applied when cold. This type of asphalt is mainly used for temporary fixes since it is not as strong as hot mix asphalt.
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